Maintaining appropriate pressure levels extends the life of your tyres and improves fuel efficiency and vehicle safety. An under or over inflated tyre affects ride performance and other aspects of your vehicle.
Underinflated Vs. Overinflated Tyres
The tyre and wheel size of your car will determine its performance, but you must place equal importance on tyre pressure.
Underinflated tyres results in greater contact with the road, which then leads to greater rolling resistance and friction. The increase results in inefficient driving and fuel wastage as the vehicle needs to generate more power to move. The stress on the wheels and tyres wears them out faster and slows down the car. This shortens the service life of your tyres and also puts extra pressure on the brakes, limiting their performance.
Overinflating your tyres also has negative effects; too much pressure creates a smaller contact patch, which is the component that comes into contact with the road. This results in poor braking distance and loss of traction. They will also wear unevenly and heavily on the central part of the tyre. All of this together will shorten its lifespan compared to if the tyres were properly inflated.
The amount of pressure put in your tyres will have an effect on how far your car goes. If you want to maximise gas, you have to check tyre pressure regularly.
Importance of Tyre Pressure
Tyretracks cites that correct air pressure distributes the weight of a car evenly across its tread pattern, keeping it stable. An under or overinflated tyre creates an imbalance, making it difficult to control the vehicle and negatively affecting stopping, cornering and handling. Your tyres will have a shorter life and will require frequent repairs and maintenance.
Determine the Appropriate Tyre Pressure
The correct tyre pressure will depend on the type of road you will drive on. Off-roading, rock crawling and road racing have different requirements. Your tyres usually lose more air during warm weather, so regular checks are necessary to determine the appropriate pressure. The best way to get an accurate reading is to check tyres when they are cold because the heat generated by driving and direct sunlight may temporarily increase tyre pressure.